Excerpt from Cool Companies www.coolcompanies.ca
Read PDF version that appeared in the Cool Companies industry guide [PDF]
Nanotechnology means manipulating and controlling atoms and molecules to create useful materials, devices and systems that have new and different properties from what we normally see in our everyday world.
Nanoparticles are clumps of atoms or molecules that are less than 100 nm on one side. Nanoparticles are typically less than 10 nm. More p.11-13, 17, 20-22, 25, 26, 29, 33, 42-45.
Lab on a Chip
A lab on a chip is a type of MEMS that integrates multiple laboratory functions on a single chip. It requires extremely small fluid volumes. Pictured above are channels on a MEMS that fluid travel through. More p.14, 18, 28, 43.
Nanotechnology is already all around us. Here are some examples:
• Airbags: deploy airbags when a crash occurs
• Ink-jet printer heads: Its 2006 market size was $6 billion representing 28% of all MEMS sold (source: electronics.ca)
• Video games: detect game controller motion, such as in Nintendo’s Wii
• Clothing: some stain-resistant and water-repellent pants
• Sunscreen: many sunscreens contain nanoparticles of zinc oxide or titanium oxide.
• Pacemakers: help the heart beat
• Tennis rackets: Babolat was the first company to use carbon nanotubes to reinforce key areas of the racquet, adding ease of play and comfort when hitting for the player
• Washing machines: LG makes a washing machine with a drum covered with nano-silver particles to ensure better sterilization of clothes
• Cell phones: processes signals
• Hearing aids: smaller than past hearing aids
• LCD displays: In 2005, Motorola Labs unveiled the first ever working color video display based on carbon nanotubes